It also called as interconnected industries. Easier to maintain machines, improving efficiency with effective strategy based on data, more automation, and in the long run, customer can customize their goods since it was manufactured. Cool, isn’t it? That’s the dream of this new era of industry, which called as Industry 4.0.
Industrial era started on mechanization. Some expert called it as Industry 1.0 or first industrial revolution. It began when human used machine powered by steam. Around 18th century, it changed agrarian people into industrial society.
Then at around 19th century, as human start to use electricity, industrial revolution happened again. Machines in the industry were started to be powered by electricity. That improved power efficiency a lot and made people wonder what else could be done to improve production efficiency more and more. During this era, assembly line were implemented and there were mass production everywhere.
In the middle of 20th century, computer were founded. It lead industries to innovate and start to make automatic machines. It reduced man power cost and increase capability to produce very precise product consistently. As consequences, many countries created law to ensure workforce were not wasted.
After World Wide Web boom in the 1990, industrial performer started thinking to use internet in their daily jobs. Is it possible to reduce production cost by observing some data which can’t be acquired before? Can we monitor our production line closer? How if we want to know our customer demand and our supplier capability faster? Those and many other questions were asked based on internet potential.
Since fully automated factory is prohibited in several manufacture areas, to make worker works more discipline, industry supervisor need to monitor the workers closer and tighter. This issue can be solved by implementing some data acquisition method using IoT products.
The result of Internet of Things in industry can’t be underestimated. Infineon stated in their website that their productivity was increased 10% without additional machine and they able to save 1 million EUR by implementing automatic production planning. Seems promising, right?
This Industry 4.0 trend is emerging in whole world. How about Indonesia?
I haven’t done complete analysis of it. Maybe it can be done as my side project. But we can say that right now we are behind another countries. Good for us our current government is very active in implementing electronic system in the bureaucracy and also supporting e-businesses, although currently it’s hard to have sustainable hardware production business. How can we compete with Chinese electronics product which able to sell with half of our production cost? Or against Europe or Korean or Japanese which highly reliable and supported by decades of research? Is it the time to wave white flag for Indonesia to produce electronic hardware product?
Sooner or later, Indonesia will be shifted into this trend of connectivity. And by designing the hardware by ourself, we can make sure we are more secure. We can also do more customization to make the IoT product more compatible. Maybe at some level we will become dependent with another countries to supply our hardware, but not to give up completely in the electronics world.
This is where my hopes arise. I got my dream again after this long time ❤